Most frequently asked questions
1. Have the preparations for the Census begun?
Officially, the preparative activities for the forthcoming Census of Population began with the Conference (March 2008) at which eminent national and international specialists made proposals and suggestions about how to define the methodological frame for the forthcoming Census. The conference was followed by intensive methodological and organization preparation of the Census.
Knowing that this is an extremely important and complex survey for which 60 000 persons need to be engaged and trained, all prepared census tools need to be tested in order to detect and eliminate possible deficiencies. It is common use in all countries to conduct a pilot census one or two years before the large-scale census. SORS conducted a Pilot Census from 1st to 15th April 2009 (on a sample of 50 enumeration units and households).
Also, from 1st to 15th November 2009, a Pilot Census “Education of Roma People for Participating in the Census 2011” was conducted in co-operation of the Ministry for Human and Minorities Rights with the financial assistance of the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). Twenty-four enumeration areas were selected in which, according to the results of the Census 2002, the percentage of Roma people was the highest, and trainers and interviewers of Roma national affiliation. This pilot census aimed to have the Roma people engaged in the work on the field in the census, in the media campaign actively and to have them more acquainted with the method of carrying out the census and questions to be asked.
During 2010, intensive activities were undertaken for the preparation of all necessary methodological and organisational tools. One of the most important actions related to the preparation of field documentation (description and schemes of all enumeration areas). The Geodesy Institute of the Republic of Serbia was engaged in those activities, along with SORS and municipal and town administrations.
2. Is the census carried out in all countries at the same time?
It is common practice to carry out census every 10 years, about the year which terminates with a zero.
The Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia, as well as in almost all European countries, will be conducted in 2011. This way, in addition to the methodological comparability (all ECE region countries have included in their census forms so-called main concepts from international recommendations fro census around 2010; to present census results standard international classifications will be used), time comparability of census data will also be provided.
3. What are the most important changes to the Census 2002?
In a series of censuses carried out on our areas, each next census was more complex than the previous ones.
The most important changes to the Census 2002 are:
- introduction of questions about disabilities;
- more questions about international migrations; for persons who had ever lived abroad, data on the main reasons of return/immigration to Serbia (family reasons, education, readmission, etc.)will be collected;
- introduction of the question about „de facto“ marital status (data on consensual unions will be obtained);
- questions about computer literacy;
- enumeration of the homeless;
- implementation of new methodological solutions for monitoring population activities, etc.
4. How many enumerators will be engaged?
There will approximately 50 000 interviewers, including back-up interviewers who will also undergo three-day training. The interviewers will be selected by census commissions in municipalities and towns according to precisely defined criteria.
The person who applies for the job of interviewer should first be an adult and have at least secondary educational attainment.
In addition to the interviewers, about 8 000 municipal trainers and members of municipal and town census commissions will be engaged as immediate participants to the census.
5. When will the preliminary census result be published?
The preliminary results about the number of population, households and dwellings by municipalities and towns will be published immediately after the end of the work on the field (in November 2011).
Final results of the Census will be published after data have been entered and processed according to the SORS publication plan, successively, during 2012 and 2013. As it has always been done, the final results relative to ethnic characteristics of the population, age and gender will be first published, by settlements and locations.
6. Will the Census of Agriculture be carried out at the same time?
The Census of Agriculture will not be carried out at the same time with the Census of Population. It will be conducted a year later, from 1st October to 15th December 2012.
The World Program of the Agriculture Census recommends that all countries from 2006 to 2015 carry out the census of agriculture in line with their particularities, bearing in mind the need to collect a minimum of data necessary for analyzing and monitoring on international level. The time of implementation of the World Program of the Agriculture Census matches the national needs, considering that the last large-scale census of agriculture in the Republic of Serbia was carried out in 1960 and that there are no structural data on agriculture on holding level.
On the path to the accession to the European Union, the agriculture of Serbia has to be adapted to a series of regulations and standards regulated by EU, which will change significantly the situation of our agriculture. The census of agriculture will yield data on the structure of agricultural holdings, location, land areas and categories of use of agricultural land, areas under crops, number of fruit trees and vines, irrigation, use of mineral fertilizers and plant protection preparations, number of livestock – by types and categories, agricultural machines and buildings, labour force, marketing of agricultural produces, organic farming, etc.
The Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia has planned the preparation and carrying out of all census activities, making sure that current human and financial resources are used rationally. The identification linkage between the two censuses is of utmost importance for the Census of Agriculture be successful. Namely, for each enumeration area, on the basis of the results from the Census of Population, lists of households having an agricultural holding will be drawn up immediately after the work on the field is finished. This way, a frame for the Census of Agriculture will be created.
7. What are the costs for the Census of Population and Census of Agriculture?
The Law on the Census of Population foresees 2.7 billion for all census activities from the beginning 2010 to the end of 2013, and 1.5 billion dinars are foreseen by the Law on the Census of Agriculture for the conduction of the Census of Agriculture.
According to the UN analysis from October 2009, when observing the countries that carry out the census in a traditional way, Serbia is among those with the lowest census costs per capita, which amount to USD 5.9.
These costs are significantly lower than those of the country in the region. For example, Croatia has earmarked USD 6.8 per capita for the census, Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.5 and Macedonia USD 7.2.
Greece has earmarked much more funds (USD 11.6), Great Britain (USD 12.3), Italy (USD 13.8), Canada and Australia (USD 17.4), Ireland (USD 24.3), and USA (USD 48.9) per capita.